VOL. LI FEBRUARY, 19^1^ ^^^^ ^ -. . NO^.
Lift and Light
The Exodus from Adabazar
Mary E. Kinney
Then and Now in Aruppukottai
C. E. Qyickenden
A Memorable Day at White Plains
Con^i^egational OOoYnoiiLS Boards
PUBUSHEO IN BOSTON
Entered at the Post Office at Boston, Mass., as Second-class Matter
The Ejcodus from Adabazar .... 41
Financial Statement 45
A Memorable Day at White Plains, New
In the Zenanas of India .... 48
II. New Women Being Reached at
Sholapur. By Mrs. L. H. Gates . . 50
Then and Now at Aruppukottai, India.
By C. E. Quickenden 53
News from Aintab via the Lebanon. By
Mrs. Lorin Shepard SS
New Duties and Openings at Uduvil, Cey-
lon. By Lulu G. Bookwalter ... 56
BOARD OF THE PACIFIC
The Multitude at Our Doors. By Mrs.
Chauncey Goodrich 60
Quotable Sayings from Great Missionary
Dr. and Mrs. Beals of Wai write of Tour
Among the Villages 64
Miss Ethel Beeman writes from Guada-
Miss Louise Clarke of Aintab writes from
A Letter from Miss Fannie Griswold of
Maebashi, Japan 68
A Lenten Message from Our President . 70
Lest We Forget. By William T. Demareit 72
Our Book Shelf 74
The Cradle Roll and Missions ... 77
Summary of Receipts 80
Wiomm'i Poarb of iilisiseionsi
603 ConKresatlonal Hodm, Boston, Uass.
Mrs. FRANKLIN WARNER, White Plains, N. Y.
Mrs. E. E. STRONG, Auburndale, Mass.
Mrs. JAMES L. BARTON, Newton Centre,
Miss SUSAN HAYES WARD, So. Berwick,
Mrs. A. A. LINCOLN, Wollaston, Mass.
Mrs. ELBERT A. H.A.RVEY, Brookline, Mass.
Miss HELEN B. CALDER, Boston
Mrs. EVERETT E. KENT, Newtan, Mas*.
Mrs. W. L. ADAM, Pittsfield. Mass.
Mrs. CLIFTON H. MIX, Worcester, Mam.
Mrs. W. H. MEDLICOTT, Auburndale,
Miss KATE G. LAMSON, Boston
Miss ALICE M. KYLE, Boston
Miss ANNE L. BUCKLEY, Boston Mrs. THEODORE S. LEE, Boston
Secretary of Tonng People's Work Asst. Sec. of Tonng; People's Work
Miss RUTH ISABEL SEABURY, Boston Miss AGNES SMYTH KELSEY, BoUoa
Treasurer Assistant Treasurer
Mrs. FRANK GAYLORD COOK, Boston Miss S. EMMA KEITH, Boston
SAMUEL F. WILKINS, Boston
Mrs. Nathaniel T. Bacon
Miss Caroline Borden
Miss Lucy W. Burr
Mrs. Samuel B. Capen
Mrs. Francis E. Clark
Mrs. Joseph Cook
Miss Sarah Louise Day
Mrs. William Horace Day
Mrs. Brewer Eddy
Miss Frances V. Emerson
Mrs. Tudson L. Cross
Mrs. Walter Fitch
Mrs. Edward D. Gaylord
Mrs. Francis C. Hall
Mrs. J. Frederick Hill
Mrs. Albert W. Hitchcock
Mrs. James R. Jewett
Miss Eliza Kendrick
Miss Lucy N. Lathrop
Mrs. Emily L. McLaughlin
Mrs. John E. Merrill
Mrs. George E. Cary
Mrs. Charles H. Daniels
Miss Florence Davis
Mrs. Edward C. Moore
Mrs. H. H. Powers
Mrs. Hayward P. Rolfe
Miss E. Harriet Stanwood
Miss Annie C. Strong
Mrs. Charles F. Weeden
Please makt mil
Chairman, Mrs. EVERETT E. KENT, Newton, Mass
Term Rxplrinc in 1921
Mrs. E. H. Bigelow
Miss Clara P. Bodman
Mrs. Charles H. Bumham
Mrs. Waldo Conant
Mrs. J. B. Field
Miss Marion Kendall
Hampshire County Branck
North Middlesex Branch
Andover and Woburn Branch
Term Expiring in 1922
Mrs. C. A. Ellis
Mrs. John W. Little
Mrs. D. O. Mears
Mrs. George L. Richards
Mrs. L. R. Smith
Term Expiring in 1923
Mrs. Lucius H. Thayer
Mrs. John F. Thompson
Miss Clara E. Wells
Miss Abby G. Willard
Miss Edith Woolsey
Mrs. William G. Frost
Essex North Branch
Rhode Island Branch
Essex South Branch
Old Colony Branch
Franklin County Branch
New Hampshire Branch
Western Maine Branch
Eastern Connecticut Branch
New Haven Branch
New Jersey Branch
eheekt payable to Wouah's Boau or Missions.
Life and Light
Vol. LI February, 1921 No. 2
The Exodus from Adabazar
Miss Kinney Moves to Ismid
XT is now six weeks since we were transported from
Adabazar, bag and baggage, and all that time I have
been trying to get a chance to write you. Today I am
taking the opportunity afforded me by an ulcerated tooth which
keeps me away from school and therefore gives me time to write.
Of course you know that for six months we were shut up in
Adabazar, almost entirely cut off from communication with the
outside world. We passed through some very anxious days but
for some reason we were preserved from the fate of so many of
the villages all about us. As the news came to us of the destruc-
tion of neighboring Armenian and Greek villages we never knew
but our turn would come next, but the Turks in the city were
clever enough to realize that a general massacre of Christians
would be against their own interests and so they opposed such
stringent measures. Fortunately for us their influence was strong
enough, really to prevent the brigands from working their will.
Way back in April Armenians began to leave the city and by
the middle of June there had been such an exodus that 1 was
obliged to close the day school department and begin to try to
find means to send my teachers, who were from outside, away.
But just as I was getting ready for this, Nationalists took posses-
sion of the city and so they were all imprisoned with us through
the summer. Finally I succeeded in getting them off on September
9, overland, but at great expense, as carriages were at a premium
on account of the danger of horses being seized. It cost Lt. 10.00
per person for a journey that in ordinary times by rail would
have cost 60 piastres.
After getting the teachers off, rumors began to spread about
Life and Light
that the brigands were Hkely to enter the city in spite of the desire
of the Turks to keep them out and it seemed as if I must take my
flock of girls and flee. Several times we made preparations to
flee — once by moonlight — but each time we were prevented by the
failure of carriage men to come for us. We had several sick
girls who could not walk and also some very small children who
would have to ride, so we were kept back by them. Finally the
very day when we really did succeed in getting the necessary carts,
some English officers appeared in the city, having come by a
motor which runs on the rails, and they told me to wait for a few
days as they were going to run trains down.
That changed things entirely, of course, and it seemed to me
that perhaps we might not have to leave at all so long as the
British considered it safe to run trains. However, we kept packed
up all that we had prepared and awaited developments. On Sep-
tember 17, about 7.30 P. M., I was called to the telephone and
found Mr. Curt, Director of the Near East Relief, Constantinople
Unit. He told me that it had been decided to remove our institu-
tion to Bardezag and that I was to have all my family and all my
equipment on the station platform by noon the next day. That
was a pretty large order considering the transportation facilities
in a place like Adabazar and the amount of my equipment, but we
did the best we could and had the greater part of the furniture
and all the girls ready as he had requested. Finally through a
hitch in loading the cars we were not able to leave that day so all
the kiddies had to march back to the emptj,' buildings and sleep on
the floor rolled up in their blankets which we had fortunately kept
out thinking we might reach Bardezag too late to put up beds.
The next day, which was Sunday, we all left Adabazar — the
girls loaded into three baggage cars and we teachers in another
in which we had put a lounge and some easy chairs so that we
came most comfortably. On arriving at Ismid (NicomediaV Mr.
Curt met us and told us he had changed his mind about sending
us to Bardezag but that the girls were to be given over to Miss
Holt here in Ismid. After consulting with Miss Holt and later
with Mr. Curt, we decided to divide responsibility,-. Miss Holt
The Exodus from Adabazar
was to take charge of the housing, clothing, etc., of the children,
and I would then take charge of the educational side. And this
has been a happy division of labor, which I hope will work out
well in the end.
I shall take 150 orphans into my school, for whom the N. E. R.
pays. We have taken about 230 day pupils to pay the additional
expenses. The people in Ismid are wild with delight at the op-
portunity thus afforded them for educating their children and the
Protestant Community has given me carte blanche to do as I like.
They are finishing off the upper part of their church and when that
is done I can have my whole Preparatory and Kindergarten de-
partments in the church building. At present those departments
are very crowded but a few weeks will see them straightened out,
And so I am trying out the problem for the future of our
Armenian Girls' High School. It seems to me that there is no
question of establishing that school in Adabazar again. The
graduates are most anxious for the school to continue and I am
sure it would be a thousand pities for it to die out.
Of course I know that the policy of the Board in the future will
be more than ever to internationalize their schools but this school
is different and I am positive it can support itself in the future
as it has in the past if it is given the necessary start and the
Board continues to pay the salaries of three American women as
formerly. As things are now it looks as if Ismid might be the
ideal place for the school. Here, we are in Allied territory and
the communication between here and Constantinople is much bet-
ter than it ever was at Adabazar because we have the sea as well
as the railroad. Then the healthfulness of the climate is an added
inducement and last, and most important, the people of the city
are ready to put their shoulder to the wheel and help just as our
Adabazar people used to do. As Adabazar will be Turkish ter-
ritory, the Armenians will never go back in any numbers.
I haven't said a word about a helper. I need one exceedingly as
I am all alone to do the English work and also run the school. I
must have someone who is well because we have so much native
food in order to live economically.
Life and Light
Miss Eleanor Foster and Miss Ruth Simpson expect to sail
from New York January 15, to join the Marathi Mission. Miss
Foster, whose home is in Troy, N. Y., gradu-
ated from Vassar in 1918 and has spent the last
few months in social service work at the Spring
Street Settlement, New York City. She expects
to teach in the Girls' School, Ahmednager. Miss Simpson's home
is in Binghamton, N. Y., and she has taught several years since
her graduation from Cornell University. Her work will prob-
ably be educational.
Miss Grisell McLaren sailed from New York January 11, re-
turning after a prolonged furlough, during which she has taken
training as a nurse in New Haven. Miss McLaren hopes to join
Miss Myrtle Shane, with whom she was associated in Bitlis, in
Dr. and Mrs. H. H. Riggs of Harpoot were recently ordered by
the Kemalists to go to Constantinople, according to a letter re-
ceived by the American Board. The reasons were not given, but
Dr. Riggs reports the missionaries left in Harpoot, Miss Harley,
Dr. Parmalee and his sister, Mary Riggs, as well. He speaks in
the highest terms of the relief work as carried on in Talas under
the care of Miss Loughridge, Miss Orvis, Miss Richmond, and
Near East workers, as he had seen it on his way to Constantinople.
In a recent letter. Miss Richmond speaks of her own joy in being
allowed to minister to so many needy ones and of the splendid
helpers she has in her relief work in Cesarea. We quote from
her letter :
"Before I went home I thought we had fine helpers here, but
now I cannot say enough for them. All of my helpers here in the
city are new to me, but just as dear as they can be. While I
am in Talas during the week, I know that the work is going on
faithfully and splendidly. They are few, but fine. Moreover,
there is a very deep religious interest, a longing for and finding of
the deepest things, among them which would rejoice your heart.
Do pray for its extension. Several have lately found Him and
their joy and earnestness for others is beautiful to see. The three
and a half months in which I have lived in the city alone have
been the most wonderful of all my life, I believe, as I carefully
think it over. When I lived here in years past, we were too busy
with school work to know people much, but now I know so many
and feel that they are mine. I didn't know before I came here
that such happiness and joy were possible for human beings."
Dr. Harriet E. Parker of Madura hopes to sail in April for
her much-needed and long-overdue furlough. Dr. Ryder, who
sailed October 30th, going out to assist in the Woman's Hospital,
had the misfortune to fall on ship-board and break her ankle,
but at last accounts was doing well.
Rev. E. P. Holton of the Madura Mission, who had looked
forward with joy to returning to his work in Gudalur and ex-
pected to sail January 19, is critically ill with pneumonia at the
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.
A cable has just brought the sad news of the death of Miss
Ruth Holland, of Uduvil, Ceylon.
As we are omitting the detailed list of gifts for reasons of
economy, a brief summary of the receipts is given on the last
THE FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE WOMAN'S BOARD
Receipts Available for Regular Work, December 1 — 31, 1920
C. W. M.
October 18— December 31 , 1920
Life and Light
A Memorable Day at White Plains, New York
"The most memorable day in the history of the Westchester
Church." That is what one of the pastors prophesied it would be
in the morning and what he declared it had been in the evening
of New Year Sunday, 1921. The special occasion was the com-
mission and installation service of Miss Lillian Picken as the
missionary of the Westchester Church in Satara, India. For
seventeen years Mrs. Theodore S. Lee has been the representative
in Satara of this ever-growing church, and this relationship has
been a unique one in the unusual warmth of
devotion and loyalty of support rendered by
all the members to their missionary abroad
and by her to them. Mrs. Lee has now
become Associate Secretary of the Woman's
Board of Missions as she feels she must
remain in this country with her two children,
and the church has assumed the support of
Miss Picken, who was associated with Mrs.
Lee for a short time in the Satara station,
Miss Picken under the support of the W. B. M. I., and
returns there after her furlough.
The "memorable day" began, as far as public services go, with
missionary messages in the Sunday Schools of the three churches
of White Plains, Scarsdale, and Chatterton Hill which together
make up the Westchester Church. The communion service was
celebrated in each of the churches and Miss Picken was received
as a member.
The installation and commission service was preceded by a half
hour prayer service of pastors, missionaries and officers, led by
Mr. Fred B. Smith, who also offered the prayer of invocation at
the larger service. The Scripture reading was by Rev. Hugh
Hubbard, a child of the church, on furlough from his mission
station in Paotingfu, China. Miss Calder, Home Secretary of the
Woman's Board, a personal friend of Miss Picken, gave the in-
stallation address on the subject, "Victorious Personality," taking
as her text, H Cor. 2 : 14 — 'Thanks be unto God who always
leadeth us in triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest through us
19 2 1] A Memorable Day at White Plains, New York 47
the savor of His knowledge in every place." The commission was
given by Mrs. Franklin Warner, President of the Woman's Board
of Missions, who is a member of the church. Rev. John Stapleton,
the pastor of the Scarsdale Church, gave the right hand of fellow-
ship, and Rev. Henry M. Dyckman, pastor of the Chatterton Hill
congregation, who is just beginning his service in this church,
offered the prayer of consecration for the missionaries and pastors
and the congregation.
The central feature of the service was the "Passing of the
Torch," Mrs. Lee's charge to Miss Picken in behalf of Satara.
In introducing Mrs. Lee, Rev. William D. Street made it very
clear that while the church is rejoicing in adding a new missionary
they continue to retain Mrs. Lee also as their missionary at home,
where she will be more accessible for consultation and advice on
missionary work of the church. Mrs. Lee spoke of the joy of her
seventeen years of service as a missionary of the church, and of
her feeling of obligation to bear witness more strongly than ever
to the needs of Satara and the successes of the work there. She
took in her hands a lighted Indian lamp and as she passed it to
Miss Picken she gave the charge to her successor, expressing her
happiness in passing the torch to one who was already her friend
and the friend of the women of Satara who need her so much.
At the young people's service in the evening, led by Miss Grace
Vining, one of the church members and a Student Volunteer at
Oberlin, Miss Picken spoke more personally of her own life,
telling how she came to be a missionary, and challenged the young
people to make it their daily task to win others to Christ and His
The most prominent piece of decoration in the overcrowded
chapel which serves as the White Plains church is the church service
flag with twenty-five stars, representing members in various forms
of missionary service, a silent but forceful testimony to the
eflfective missionary education carried on in the church since its
organization twenty-two years ago in a carpenter's shop. Another
practical evidence of the sense of stewardship on the part of the
members is in the returns from the Every Member Canvass, which
increased the benevolence budget in the White Plains church alone
from $3,000 to $9,000.
Life and Light
In the Z-enanas of Ind la
By Mrs. L. H. Gates, Sholapur
^^^^^^HE house was built plumb on the edge of the road. It
■ was an imposing affair of brick and stone, with stone
^^^^/ steps leading into the doorways and a parapet on either
side of the steps, where a row of bright flowering plants added
to the cheer of the welcome. The master of the house, dressed
in European clothing, met us at the door and greeted us warmly.
The room which we entered was attractively furnished in Euro-
pean fashion. There were a few Indian things about. But this
was merely the office of the men-folk and we were ushered to the
second floor of the house. Here, also, was a large room with
chairs of gay upholstery, and tables with tawdry lace covers.
China dogs and cats as well as nude figures carrying flower vases
graced the mantel. Photograph albums lay conveniently placed
on the tables. But on the walls hung an appalling array of
ancestors — men dressed in the Indian garb of an earlier day, viv-
idly colored and most amazingly unreal. The sons of the house-
hold met us here. They spoke English fluently, were men of
education and of importance in the business world. But every-
where we missed the presence of women. There was no sound
of swishing skirts or soft voices, no sign of a woman's hand hav-
ing arranged the room and put the flowers in the stiff vases. Very
quickly exhausting our points of contact with the men, we asked
if we might see the women of the household.
We were escorted up a flight of steps to the rear of the house.
A board walk clung to the sides of the house high up around an
open court. In the court at the bottom, nothing was to be seen.
No person was allowed in it above or below, except servants or
members of the household. About this court, on the women's
floor, were many rooms, all with heavy portieres hanging at the
doors. As we stepped out on the balcony there were rustling
sounds to be heard, especially within one room. The host un-
ceremoniously ushered us in and we found every woman on her
feet, with her sari pulled down over her face. The host left us
In the Zenanas of India
there and immediately there was a buzz of many voices, growing
louder as the sound of his footsteps died away. There were six
women in the room. All were young except the wife of the
host, who was the queen bee in this hive. The others were wives
of her five sons, all of whom were in deadly fear of her wrath.
They were all weighted down with gold and silver like a Queen
of Sheba. Chains of fine workmanship and of graduated length
hung around their necks, forming a breastplate from the neck to
the waist. Their arms were concealed from wrist to shoulder with
bracelets of silver, gold and ivory. Heavy silver ornaments were
on their ankles, and the toes were covered with a network of sil-
ver chains. Nose rings were hung with large pearls and rubies.
Silver chains were hung from the hair, fastened just where it was
parted in front and looping from there to the ears, where great
silver bells hung from the ear lobes. Fingers also were covered
with rings. In fact, there was not a possible place for anything to
be put, which was not concealed by these signs of the wealth of the
family. The saris of green, purple, orange, red and blue, with
their gold and silver borders added the finishing touch to a truly
The conversation centered about ourselves, — our ages, the num-
ber of wives our husbands had, our children, etc. Then we took
our turn at asking questions. We found that those women are
not allowed to leave this floor of the house except when they are
lo take a railway journey, at which time the greatest care to keep
them concealed is taken. They never remove their jewelry, —
not even for sleeping, and they assured us that it wasn't uncom-
fortable to sleep in when you were used to it. Their importance
in that room depended upon the number of their children, es-
pecially the number of boys. The old mother-in-law was a typi-
cal Indian virago, ruling them with no gentle hand. Some of
them were very fortunate in that they had had a chance to learn
to read and they begged us for books. Their time is spent entirely
in embroidering borders for their jam or making caps for their
children, ornamented with silver and gold. And the high pitched
voices carry on endless petty disputes and quarrels from morning
Life and Light
to night. But their ears are keyed to the sounds of the footsteps
which announced the approach of the men folk. Instantly every
voice was silent and every woman was on her feet. The old
mother was the only one who was allowed to sit in the presence
of her lord and master. With their urgent appeal for another
speedy visit ringing in our ears, we were escorted from them to
the light and air of the front part of the house where only the
privileged male persons were allowed to come. The Zenana
knows nothing of the privilege of womanhood and suffrage!
Our wanderings one day brought us to a row of houses where
dwelt many policemen. Every door was supplied with a chain
which was hooked closely over a staple in the wall of the house.
Every chain was in place. It looked as though we should find no
one at home there, but our guide stepping briskly to a door
called out that the Miss Sahib had come to call and from within
a voice summoned us to enter. We found the wife of the police-
man going about her housework as though it were the natural
thing for her door to be fastened on the outside. In every house
of that long row ot dwellings were women whose husbands lock
them in each morning when they leave for their work. The rooms
are dark and the air is close and heavy, but they were compelled
to stay there quietly until the master of the house should return,
New Women Being Reached at Sholapur
Mrs. Gates writes later :
Another quarter of a year has ended. During that time, we
have said farewell to Mr. and Mrs. Stratton, who left us in
August for their furlough in Australia. We have welcomed
in their place Mr. and Mrs. McBride, who were formerly sta-
tioned here but who, since their last furlough, have been in
charge of the work at Sirur. They, with their children, have
added much to our Mission circle, and the splendid way in which
they have taken hold of the work in the Settlement has been a
great inspiration and cause for happiness to all of us. They are
19 2 1] New Women Being Reached at Sholapur 51
finding the work full of interest and novelty and hope. The
chief difficulty is in finding enough Christian teachers and
workers of the right character to do work among the criminal
castes. One needs to show Christianity at its best in order to let
such people see the beauty of that which we are offering them.
The quarter has seen the developing of our new Anglo- Vernac-
ular school for girls. The Government examinations have just
taken place, and as usual, the girls in both schools have done well.
Miss Fowler is to be congratulated on the success of her venture
and for the way in which she has borne up under the additional
burdens which have come to her. Miss Wheeler and Miss Welles
have put the Kindergarten in first class condition and they have
120 children on the roll. We are letting you take some of the
regular work for granted as we wish to tell you some of the inter-
esting things that are happening among our non-Christian ac-
Among the Hindu women of high caste in the city, whom Miss
Fowler and Sulochanabai have been able to cultivate during the
past twenty years there is one woman who has been especially
friendly. Her name is Peradeshinabai, which means "a woman
from a foreign country." She cannot tell whether she came
originally from some other place or whether her parents merely
wished to arouse people's curiosity by giving her a name that was
suggestive. At any rate she has been friendly to all of us who are
really "from the foreign country." She has always been inter-
ested in the girls' school and is very faithful in remembering the
orphan children with candy on special days during the year, and
especially after their annual examinations. The girls and the
teachers visit freely in her home, where they are always welcome.
Recently she came to Miss Fowler asking if there were a teacher
available to help her with a sewing school for the women and
girls in her neighborhood. The only one available at the time
of day when she was wanted was the matron of our girls' board-
ing department. She is a young woman who is developing
splendidly in the work she has. She came to us as a famine
child during one of the big famines and was most obstreperous.
Life and Light
The missionary punishecj her repeatedly, but she ran away more
than once and had to be brought back by the police. She was of
good caste origin and therefore objected to eating with the low-
caste children. But she has grown into a fine woman and is now
giving her services in this school for Brahmin children.
Peradeshinabai's daughter, Kausalyabai, and a friend of hers
are able to teach the sewing, but our Christian teacher is there
at every session and teaches ; and now is teaching three of the
younger women to read and write. It is simply a wedge which
we trust the Lord will open further.
Even our small children have absorbed the spirit of helpful-
ness and are trying to do their share. The little girls' C. E.
Society has adopted the custom of having an occasional meet-
ing under the trees by the roadside somewhere. The first time,
many little children from the neighborhood, hearing the singing,
came to investigate and stayed to learn. The children sang and
prayed and had their little talk about the subject for the day.
Before they came away, they promised the children who had
gathered to hear them, that the next time they came they would
bring them picture cards. Consequently, some weeks later, a
large crowd gathered to meet them and showed a great deal of
interest. The girls themselves are much interested and feel that
they are truly serving their Master.
The last time they went out, some women who were passing
stopped to listen. One of them was especially interested and the
missionary told her that she would be glad to talk to her at the
bungalow whenever she would come. Later it was discovered
that this women was the same one who, during the influenza
epidemic had run away from home and come to us begging
to be taken in. She was seeking for peace, and it seemed to her
that she might find it in our homes. The circumstances were
such that it was unwise at the time to allow her to stay with us,
and so she had to be persuaded to return to her home and to try
and win her people to come with her in her search for peace.
Two years had gone by and we had seen nothing of her until
she chanced to hear the children singing by the roadside. Since
then she has been to the bungalow bringing several of her house-
hold with her. The missionaries have talked with her and she
has taken home with her several copies of the gospel stories.
19 2 1] Then and Now at Aruppukottai, India 53
Then and Now at Aruppukottai, India
By C. E. Qyickenden
X EXPECTED to be able to send you a letter in Sep-
tember telling all about the touring during July and
August — but alas — there was no touring. At the very
beginning of July, Dr. Jefifery broke down in health and went
away to rest. Mrs. Jeffery had to go to nurse him and I was left
alone here and shall be alone until the end of the year. With Mrs.
Jefifery's big boarding school as well as my own work I sometimes
feel very much like a machine that has to just keep going and go-
ing and has not time to even think.
During this year I have especially been noticing the diflference in
the attitude of the parents of our children. Twenty years ago
they would not let their children learn to repeat verses about Jesus
— they did not so much mind "proverbs." Now we sell to the
children hundreds of Bible verse books, gospels, etc., and they are
in every home. Fifteen years ago children, or women pupils of
Bible women, who dared to come to our church were likely to
be beaten and locked up and in some castes a rule was made
imposing a fine of five rupees on any man who allowed women
'or children to come to our church — and children who spoke of
Jesus at home were removed from school and sometimes our
school would be half empty for weeks in consequence.
This year our station Christian Endeavor Rally was held in
the church and children from three higher classes in each school
came to it, — the little ones were not allowed simply because there
was not room, for the church was packed full. About nine
schools were represented. Our Aruppukottai Hindu girls chose
for their exercise the story of the young king Josiah cleansing the
temple after finding the "Book of the Law." The girls brought
a small idol such as is seen in many iiomes and a large iron spoon
of charcoal and incense to illustrate their former life. Then they
told the story of Josiah, and when they came to the part of the
cleansing of the temple they overturned the idol, spoon, etc., and
holding up a Bible said, "We too have found the Word of God
Life and Light
and so have turned all idol worship out of our lives and we now
worship the true God." They finished by singing a very good
song about "what a Christian Endeavor Society could be and
do." Even I was surprised that not a word of complaint has
been heard about it from any parent — they are being won grad-
ually through their children.
Now for Puliampatti School — an even harder atmosphere to
work in — because the castes there have little or no education and
are still terribly superstitious, but here we are largely breaking
down opposition through a few sf>ecial families. In one family
two girls have passed through our school and became Christians,
the eldest Luchmi. I've often written about how she refused
to marry a Hindu for some time, and was not married until
nineteen years old. Then for a year or two it was hard for
her — sometimes she was beaten and not allowed to come to
church — but gradually her life has told in the home and last
month she was able to persuade her husband to come to me for
medicine for malaria. He came — but stood far oflF. He would
not even come up to the veranda to get it, seemed afraid of me,
still he took the medicine. Prayer followed it and in a few days
he came back, better, so then ventured a little nearer and also
asked for cough mixture. It is against their caste rules to drink
water given by us, so I explained that this medicine would be
liquid, would he take it? Yes, he would and did. One week
later he came to bring the bottle back — quite well now — and also
quite friendly. He came and sat down and we had a nice long
talk, — I expect to see him again.
Lachmi's next sister never went to school, but is now being
taught at home. The third girl, Sambooranam, was our next
student. She also became a Christian before leaving and alas
was married as soon as she left the fifth grade, when only
thirteen years old. I believe I wrote before how she objected
and afterward refused to go with the husband, for he was bad,
how he took her by force, locked her up in a room in the town,
ill-treated her so that they had to get the magistrate to interfere,
and she was again handed over to her father. That night the
19 2 IJ
News from Aintab via the Lebanon
young man disappeared and we hope he will never come back;
we hear that he went to Rangoon.
In the meantime, Sambooranam, with her father's consent, is
holding a class in her home for girls of her own age who never
went to school. She has now twelve pupils, girls from twelve to
sixteen or seventeen years of age. She teaches them to read and
write and also teaches the Bible, hymns, and prayer; and on
our Harvest Thanksgiving Sunday three of these girls came
to church with her and sang a hymn in public.
Perhaps this doesn't mean much to you but I remember be-
ing told that my life was in danger if I came into those very
same caste people's street only nineteen years ago, so you see
it does mean a great change in Puliampatti. I must not for-
get that the Bible woman's work there too has something to
do with it. Luchmi's mother, who was baptized on New
Year's Day, is very earnest and rarely comes to church alone,
usually bringing some other woman with her, and so through
that family we are reaching many souls.
News from Aintab via the Lebanon
By Mrs. Lorin Shepard
XAM writing from Miss Frearson's orphanage trans-
planted from Aintab, where Dr. Shepard and Miss
Foreman put me with Baby Alice for safe keeping
while they went back to that nightmare in Aintab. It is worse
than it has been at any time since the deportations, with the
Colonel's frank confession that he sees no prospect of anything
to improve the situation during the whole winter. The latest
word which left Aintab just a week ago says that the Turks are
shelling the Christian quarter with their 105 cm. gun, that all the
Americans except my husband and Miss Foreman are coming
out (Miss Clarke goes to language school), that the Armenians
have been forced to join the French, that the only food, and that
is very, very scarce and expensive, is bread and grapes, that Lor-
in and Dr. Bezjian are the only doctors left in the city, that the
Life and Light
French commanded an attack on the Turks from the Armenian
positions which was not altogether successful, that a shell has
landed in "Dr. Hamilton's garden" (the hospital house yard,
that is) but did no damage except to demolish a small mat
shed. The orphans which Miss Foreman had collected since
the general orphan exodus last May will come out next week
to join Miss Frearson's here.
The rains have begun there and the road which was over
ankle deep in dust when we came out will be almost hub deep
in mud before long. Convoys are coming and going con-
stantly to stack up the garrison with supplies for all winter.
Lorin writes that the vacation here of three weeks helped him
wonderfully. Miss Foreman also went back well rested, but the
strain on both will be terrific. I hope the Near East Relief will
send a Relief Director soon, as Lorin declares he can do only
the medical work, and will be overburdened with that.
There are Aintab orphans in Beirut, both boys and girls, wait-
ing for Dr. Hamilton, unless she is summoned to Aintab. There
will also be a cry of joy on Miss Trowbridge's arrival as the
condition of the Aintab refugees in the city here is pitiful. There
are hundreds trying to get to America, and we expect a cargo
ship in about a month which will go straight from Beirut to
New York, taking about 1000.
New Duties and Openings at Uduvil, Ceylon
By Lulu G. Bookw^alter
The new classroom block is the best looking building we have
as it has an upstairs verandah and it is made on the order of the
arch. This new row of classrooms joins the old Tamil School
main building to the dormitory, so that one may walk from the
verandah of the main hall along past the classrooms to the
verandah of the dormitory. There are six classrooms, three up
and three down. What a blessing they will be, and how we look
forward to them! We will, when we occupy them in January,
192 1] New Duties and Openings at Uduvil, Ceylon 57
take three English school classes out of the dormitory, and we
shall take down the temporary bungalow nearest the road, wliich
is a great eye-sore to comers.
The training school entrance class is to study a year instead of
one term, and we have drawn up a special syllabus for it. I have
been free to let my fancy work in this with the approval of the
Director of Education, and we have quite an interesting syllabus
of work. The Practising School for the training school we are
improving also by giving English to all the children three-quar-
ters of an hour a day. The Tamil School has drawing, singing
and English as extra subjects. The English school gets the most
attention as English demands more supervision and a higher
standard. I have told Miss Clark to concentrate from now until
March on three things : Kindergartens — English and Tamil, the
Primary English School, and Drawing throughout all the schools.
.That will keep her busy. The managers of village schools are
Celebrating " Old Girls " Day at Uduvil. Miss Howland in centre
Life and Light
calling for kindergarten teachers for village schools and she is
Several months ago I was appointed by the governor to serve
for a time on the Board of Education for Ceylon. At the first
meeting I was put on a Committee to revise the Code for English
Schools — to consider the minimum rate of salaries and school
fees. On account of this committee, in July, I slept six nights on
the train, and spent a full week of vacation sitting every day at
work on the Code. I must go again tomorrow evening. I have
already missed two meetings because at the beginning of the
school term I felt I couldn't leave Miss Clark with the whole
school on her shoulders.
The members of this committee would interest you. The
Director of Education is chairman, a Burgher is secretary, then
members follow — a Hindu, a Tamil, Christian, Buddhist, Catholic
Father, a Protestant English missionary gentleman and myself.
Two are on the Ceylon Legislative Council. We certainly have
some interesting discussions.
" Old Girls " who were in school with Miss Agnew
Board of the Pacific
Mrs. Ernest A. Evans.
Mrs. Robert C. Kirkwood, Mrs. C. A. Kofoid,
301 Lowell Ave., Palo Alto, Cal. 2616 Etna St., Berkeley, Cal.
Mrs. E. R. Wagner, 355 Reed St., San Jose, Cal.
Rev. and Mrs. Emery Ellis sailed from San Francisco in
January after some weeks in Idaho, Washington and California.
Mrs. Madeline Waterhouse Nicholson has
been at our Headquarters en route with her hus-
Personals. band for the Atlantic Coast. They will spend
the winter in the vicinity of New York City.
Mrs. Lacy of the Methodist W. F. M. S. has been a recent
guest, coming from Shanghai with the latest word concerning our
Union Kindergarten Training School at Foochow, where her
daughter, Miss Alice Lacy, is the colleague of Miss Bertha Allen
of our Board.
Miss Grisell McLaren of the Woman's Board at Boston has
been in California for a few weeks before leaving for Boston
where she expects to sail for Turkey unless recent developments
deter her from doing so. She and Mrs. J. K. Browne had a
happy reunion. She was also able to visit with the Armenian
girls who were Dr. Reynolds' proteges, now studying at the
University of California. Miss McLaren knew them in Van,
where she was working when the war broke out.
The annual meetings of most of the Branches of the Board of
the Pacific in the Northwest were held in conjunction with the
state conferences. All report fine inspiring meet-
Branch Annual jj^ Washington the meeting was held in
Spokane and the general topic of the Conference
was "Obligations of the Pilgrim Heritage," the
principal speaker of the Woman's meeting being Dr. H. P. Pack-
ard of Persia. Mrs. F. A. Noble spoke on Prayer Circles, and Mrs.
C. C. Upton on Thank Oflferings. Mrs. L. O. Baird presided and
Life and Light
the \"ice Presidents were all on the platform and gave their own
reports. In Oregon the place was the fine new building of the
church at Forest Grove. The program was enlivened by a
humorous dialogue to awaken the interest in missionary litera-
ture. Mrs. Warren Morse, who has been Acting President for
the past year, was elected to fill the office as President.
Idaho, too, has a new president this year in the person of Mrs.
J. E. Sears of Bruneau. The Annual Meeting was held at Weiser
and the expression class of the Inter-Mountain Institute gave a
missionary drama as part of the program, a fine way in which to
enlist the interest of the young people. Utah had its meeting at
Ogden and Mrs. Otis Gary, formerly of Kyoto, Japan, was with
them. Mrs. Edward Merrill, the secretary, gave the report of
the Board Annual Meeting and Gonferences in San Francisco,
which she and Mrs. Simpkin, the president, were able to attend.
Mrs Simpkin is removing to the Pacific Goast, so a new president
was elected in the person of Mrs. S. C. Hammond of Salt Lake
The Multitude at Our Doors
By Mrs. Chauncey Goodrich, Peking
Although the story of the disturbance in North China is not recent
news, Mrs. Goodrich's account is so vivid that we feel sure that the readers
of Life and Light will be interested in it. — The Editor.
XT is not easy to go back and recall the happenings of
the last two weeks, which have been filled with suf-
fering and death, with people flying for safety from
disbanded soldiers, or to-be-feared looters from among "the
You have read of the rush to Tientsin, even the week before,
and the crowding into the hotels of the Legation Quarter.
Our first request, here in the American Board Mission at
Peking, came the second of July from a former viceroy. On
the seventh a meeting was called of the foreigners and influential
Ghinese to see what could be done. Dr. Wilder, Mrs. Ingram,
my husband and myself all expected to leave that week for work
The Multitude at Our Doors
or for vacation, we four being tlie only foreigners left in the
compound. It was voted to get in coal and grain (rice), borrow-
ing money, expecting it would be returned.
Dr. Wilder and others looked after defences, Mr. Pi, the pastor,
after supplies, while Mrs. Ingram and I began getting the build-
ings in order. The middle building, or first dormitory of Bridg-
man Academy, was filled at once, as well as much of the Bible
School, by a viceroy's family, and by another official family ;
school girls, largely from well-to-do families, sought their school,
notably those of the Pei Yuen, so that by Sunday the eighteen
rooms, all of the school rooms, recitation rooms, library, kinder-
garten, Fu Tung Chapel, were filled, nay, crowded, even to the
hallways and verandahs.
Many registered who did not finally come in, as it was not the
poor that came, but the wealthy and official classes with their
nurses ; as we did not furnish food at this time, the poor were
not attracted. Registering, with tickets for reentering, was at-
tended to by teacher Li and his aides. Mr. Hung, returned from
France, did fine work at the back gate. We simply had a won-
derful family of high class ladies, lovely young girls and adorable
little children with babies galore from one month old upward.
We gradually developed a really excellent organization, so that
we had all sorts of committees — Sanitation, Rooms, Food, Evan-
gelization, Lectures, Errand Girls, Boy Scouts, etc. Hot and
cold water we kept on tap. Our Chinese had equal authority
with the foreigners. The whole affair would have been a failure
without their unwearied service. Gradually all the houses, ours,
Mrs. Sheffield's, the ladies', as well as the schools, were filled.
Dr. Wilder's dining room had a family of seventeen. All break-
ables and nice furniture were removed, and open things were
sealed up with paper.
Our courts looked so lovely with the green grass and flowers
and trees, and all these beautiful children, babies and young girls
walking about. Games were held every evening by the Game
Committee. Evening prayers were held in the School Court,
and Bible School each night. Amongst the interesting guests
Life and Light
were the five-year-old son of one family whose father and
mother had gone away ; one mother who brought her own family
here, as "the foreigners know how to take care of children";
members of Prince Ching's family ; members of the head of the
National .Museum in the Imperial City, of the Rear Admiral of
the Navy, wives and children of the military commanders on both
sides; members of the Educational Board, the Government
University and Higher Normal School, and of the various "Minis-
Miss Wu and I assigned all rooms, so that I learned the floor
capacity of the compound. We had ninety-nine rooms and places
in eight halls, not counting Min Lun Tang, the school for non-
Christian women, which was full, nor the homes of the foreigners.
We systemized the work so that matters ran quite smoothly.
Besides the men's committees — Registration, Protection, etc., we
had an Oversight Committee, which each night saw that the
lights were out and that there was no smoking. Two girl stu-
dents were at the entrance of the Academy to watch the gate,
and two to find the friends when men came to see their wives and
babes. No man was allowed inside the buildings, but it was
lovely in the cool of the evening to see the family groups walking
through the grounds. Two or three fathers never failed to come
and play with their babies.
Each family provided its own food, either going out to eat or
having prepared meals sent in, but over 3,000 catties of rice was
on hand in case of need. We used no foreign houses or rooms
until we felt the time had come. We felt assured in our hearts
that every one who was absent would want to help in this mar-
velous opportunity. We had prayed for guidance in the work
of winning "China for Christ," and now God had sent the mul-
titude to our very doors, not the poor, but the very influential.
I enjoyed working with Mrs. Ingram and the Chinese. The
desire to help animated all hearts.
We admitted no men and no boy over twelve years, with one
rare exception. He came walking, or rather dragging one foot
after the other, with an attendant on either side, an old man with
The Multitude at Our Doors
a long white beard, tall and stately, and, lo, hanging from his
button was one of our entrance tickets. How did he get it? we
asked. "Fu Tai Tai (Mrs. Goodrich herself) said I could come
in !" Ah ! these southern dialects. I never knew I had promised
this. When I expostulated, saying the Refuge was for women
and children only, he lifted his long white beard. Because of
my own white-bearded husband, my heart was touched. Mrs.
Ingram helped me out, suggesting Mrs. Sheffield's study with its
outside door. It was General C who had applied.
The Chinese worked so beautifully with us. Love, courtesy
and thoughtfulness characterized almost every act. As I said,
we gave no refuge to men, only to frightened women, with, the
prayer that those who have shared in the cruel wrong to China
might have their eyes opened. I felt all the time as if the Spirit
of God had been brooding over our compound.
Mrs. Ingram and I did all we could to put away articles and
protect them. We were both refugees in the British Legation in
1900. I shall never forget the day I spent with Mrs. in the
drawing room of the British Legation as her little American baby
struggled in vain for life. Nothing in that room which had been
the scene of so many functions of international character was
too good, and when a little casket was needed. Lady MacDonald
brought the white silk with which to cover it.
The using of our compound and of our belongings has been our
beautiful chance to show that nothing really needed was too good
for God and His Kingdom,
Qyotable Sayings from Great Missionary Leaders
"That life is most worth living whose work is most worth
"Other people are talking brotherhood, the missionary is ex-
"The message for the hour is for the main body to come up to
the firing line."
"The best remedy for a sick church is to put it on a missionary
Dr. and Mrs. Beals of Wai write of tour among the villages:
Every day we met many old friends who had been hospital
patients, and we had a most cordial welcome everywhere. In one
of the villages, one of our largest meetings was held until nearly
midnight right on the spot where one of the young preachers with
us was stoned a few years ago when trying to preach there with
one of our missionaries. At this meeting, there, this year, one
of the leading citizens of the place, a lawyer and a high-caste
Hindu, came forward and oflFered to help us with the music. He
is an excellent drummer and we gladly accepted his offer. He
was a patient in the hospital for several weeks, a while ago.
We have lately become friends with a wealthy Mohammedan
gentleman and his wife who live here. He is called "His High-
ness, the Nawab Saheb" ; he is a young man about thirty-five,
who was brought up in a Mission school by an English missionary
lady. He is therefore well educated and speaks excellent Eng-
lish, is perfectly at ease with English ways and manners. At
present he represents the Mohammedan community of the Bom-
bay Presidency on the Governor's Council. First we were
called professionally to see his wife, "The Begam Saheba." She
lives in close "purda," i. e., she is never seen by men, excepting
her husband and near relatives. The house they live in has a
garden about it which is entirely enclosed by a wall eight or ten
feet high. Outside of this the "Beham Saheba" never steps
without being closely veiled. Dr. Lester Beals has been to see
this same lady before when she was sick, but had to feel her
pulse and examine her as best he could behind a curtain, without
seeing her at all.
This time we were asked to go in together, much to our sur-
prise. The "Nawab Saheb" received us at the gate, and con-
ducted us into where the "Begam Saheba" was waiting for us,
in a cool apartment tiled in green and pink, with green and pink
tinted glass at the windows. Her costume of chiffon over green
and gray silk, with pink silk stockings, was most beautifully
suited to her light brown velvety skin. And it was a wonder to
us to see with what grace and ease she sat and talked with us,
a woman inured to rigorous seclusion, yet able to hold her own
dignity with the strange member of the forbidden sex in the
room. After a little general conversation, the gentlemen with-
drew, and I talked alone with "Her Highness." I have seldom
seen anyone so hungry for life, for friends, for education. As
the men left the room, she got up and came to me, and putting
her hands on my shoulders said, "Don't go. Stay. Come and see
me often, won't you?" and much more which all meant, "I am
so glad you came." She tried to get me to come and teach her
English regularly, so that she could read English books, she said,
but really meant that she wants to have someone come to see
After having done all we could for her professionally, the
Begam Saheba had tea and cookies brought in and, much to my
satisfaction, sat and drank tea with us, which never happens in
a Hindu house, because of their caste rules. Afterwards I had
the opportunity to urge the Nawab Saheb to let his wife come
to see us in our bungalow. And he promised if we sent away
all the men who might happen to be around: the gardener, the
cook, etc., she could come. So a few days ago she came. Her
husband brought her in his auto all covered over with a huge
white cloth so that no one could catch a glimpse of her Highness.
Miss Ethel M. Beeman, the new American kindergartner for the
Institute Colon, writes from Guadalajara.
I am very happy here in Guadalajara. I escaped the necessity
of being submitted to the adjusting process. Things Mexican
seemed natural from the first, although I have lived in the coun-
try only a year before, and the people of the mission are almost
all old friends whom I am glad to see and live with again.
I have seventeen kindergarten children and shall soon have a
few more who are waitinsr to be a little older before they come
to school. The children are all interesting, responsive and
lovable. One small boy can quickly and skillfully make out of
clay anything from a king with a crown on his head and riding
upon an elephant to a dead man in a coffin with the lid closed
Life and Light
over him. At least fifteen out of the seventeen are especially
good in music. They all love stories, and the same ones that
children in the United States and everywhere else do. We have
been on several excursions and one child asked rather wistfully
why we hadn't yet been to the house of the three bears. The
parents are very eager that their children shall learn English, for
they think the knowledge of that language is the high road to the
United States and to wealth. Most of the kindergarten children
can intelligibly say, "Good morning" now — either by day or by
night. Two little girls who have acquired this degree of fluency
have a brother who can walk but not yet talk, being about a year
and a month old. They explained soberly and apologetically that
the reason he didn't come to school was because he didn't know
how to speak English.
I have a Mexican assistant who is supposed to profit in some
measure from being with me, and from whom I profit a great deal
because of my insufficient knowledge of Spanish and her much
longer acquaintance with this kindergarten. She had charge of
it herself last year and this fall during September.
In the afternoons I teach English in the first and second grades,
and our vocabulary includes dog, cow and pig. Until my atten-
tion was called to it by the children, I had never realized how
much easier and pleasanter it is to say "pig" than either of the
In the afternoons, too, I take Spanish lessons and a Mexican
old maid school ma'am teaches me. The epithet refers neither to
age or married state, but to that complexity of disposition, tem-
perament and style which one associates with that title. I have
thus learned some little Spanish grammar and the fact that old
maid school ma'ams are a type not indigenous in New England
but found the world over.
That is practically all my work and it sounds like very little,
but it keeps me busy most of the hours of the day. I think those
who arranged it for me have thoughtfully planned to introduce
me little by little to the work rather than to fling me in beyond
my depth. I hope later to be at least a subordinate, if not the
chief, in the primary department of one of the Sunday schools,
to train more girls to be teachers in the kindergarten and to do
a lot of other things.
The school, it seems to me, runs and is run extremely well.
There are twenty-five more pupils than there were last year, and
the boarding department grows so fast that the number of girls
will soon outgrow the number of rooms. School Hfe is very
much- alive. Last night the girls gave a most entertaining Hal-
lowe'en party and tonight they are singing at a special service at
the church. They have learned so many of the songs and games
and customs and have caught so much of the spirit of Mount
Holyoke that I sometimes think I'm back there.
Miss Louise Clark of Aintab writes from Constantinople.
It was a surprise to receive a letter from our trained nurse, Miss Louise
Clarke, written at Constantinople, November 11, 1920, but we were glad
to know that the station had been able to make arrangements for her to
be spared for a year of language study, which is certainly vital to her future
work. A new language school has just been opened and both Miss Snell
and Miss Clarke, who are our newest Turkey missionaries, are in at-
tendance. Miss Clarke writes : —
Here I am now in Constantinople to attend the new language
school. I have run away from the fight in Aintab, leaving there
on the 16th of last month, and arrived here last Sunday by boat
from Beirut. It was very hard to leave home, especially when
the hospital was quite filled up with sick and wounded — mostly
Frenchmen. Mr. Boyd and I came out with the Aintab Reo truck,
with two other American young men and their two trucks, with
which they have been back and forth with the French convoys,
to bring in food with. Our trip out was very interesting. We
brought the remainder of our orphanage out with us — about
seventy orphans — which finishes up all of that work in Aintab.
The children were packed into about twenty wagons, which lined
up with the French, six hundred wagons, at daybreak. The
convoy formed over back of a hill south of the College, so that
it could go quietly away without having the Turks know too much
about it. We traveled from 5.30 until about noon, when we
stopped and camped until early the following morning.
The French officers, many of whom were friends of ours, were
Life and Light
very kind ; one of them let us have his own tent and others invited
us to a turkey dinner in their tent that evening. So, as the chil-
dren had behaved themselves, and we had no attacks on the road,
the whole trip was rather a "lark" than a hardship. At the station
of Sadjour we found our Aintab Colonel waiting to greet us and
to take us to the wonderful vmderground camp for lunch that noon
and dinner in the evening. That camp is most remarkable. It
is entirely underground — about all that's visible on top of the
field is a mud tower, barbed wire and trenches. The Turks fired
over 800 cannon shells onto the camp, succeeding in wounding
one man slightly! We slept in freight cars that night and took
the four hour run down to Aleppo the next day, staying in Aleppo
over that Monday night and came on down to the Lebanon the
After spending a couple of days in the Mountains with Mrs.
Lorin Shepard and Miss Alice (who's the dearest little baby — or
big baby rather — that I have ever seen !) I took the boat on which
Dr. Hamilton had just arrived, and came up here. No one
knew that I was coming, as I brought my letters of application
to the school out with me ! but they all seemed to be looking
for me just the same, and O such a lovely place — such a lovely
home, school, teachers ; it is going to be one of the very best years
in my life I am sure. We expect the new people from America
tomorrow — then school will start in with a full program.
A letter from Miss Fannie Griswold of Maebashi, Japan, has an
air of good cheer about it. This is partly due to the fact that her
financial worries have been relieved by the action of the Board in giving
an additional salary grant this year to all missionaries in Japan who have
been so hard hit by high prices that it has been impossible to live on their
old salaries. Instead of raising their salaries the Board has given an
additional grant with the hope that another year may see a change in
living conditions. Another cause for good cheer is the quite steady growth
which Christianity is making in the community where Miss Griswold
works and especially among the pupils of the school. She says : —
Thank you good people for helping us so much financially. It
makes life a different matter — when you don't need to worry
about things so much. We enjoyed Miss Calder's visit, but all
of your visits are too short and we really do worry about what
impressions you may get about the work. You cannot see us as
we really are under such circumstances.
There are a number of girls preparing for baptism the Sunday
before Christmas, December 19. We try to make this Sunday
especially one for the girls as Easter is apt to come in vacation.
Seven in the Senior class are engaged in Sunday school work.
This is the fourth year I have worked over these girls and they
are a source of gratification to me. They put themselves into
this work and I hope will be able to continue something of the
same kind when they go home. But there is the rub. Environ-
ment is all against them and they are young and tender.
The church here has now a young worker who is doing very
well. There are many problems but we are better o& than last
year at this time. The best work is done with the rising genera-
tion. Five boys were baptized last Sunday, November 21, and
fifteen taken into the church by letter. A pastor from Niigata is
now holding cottage meetings every day. There is no end of
openings to those who have ideas and love and patience. Except
when the newspapers and other periodicals come we forget the
government of Japan, — the far eastern questions, and the Cali-
Miss Alice Adams of Okayama and her gardener The kitty is a household pet.
A Lenten Message from Our President
I wonder what Christ considered as His most important fruit.
When we speak of showing forth Christ in our lives we think
first of the development of our own character. We must be honest,
gentle, loving, sincere, obedient. And yet I do not beheve Christ
devoted much of the time after He was thirty to personal develop-
ment of character. He was obedient as a child and was seeking
spiritual and intellectual enlightenment at twelve years. His
character was tested at the beginning of His ministry by such
deep and terrific temptations as are beyond our understanding.
And He prayed, hour upon hour, all His life. But the end and aim
of His life spiritually was no more the growth of His character
than was the aim of His life physically to save from pain and death
the human body in which He lived. His character was the natural
and necessary outgrowth of the utter subservience of His will to
Christ lived the short span of His manhood for only one thing,
to save men from sin. The fruit of His life was the souls of men.
It would be easier for me if I could believe that the fruit God
asked me to bear was a simple, gentle, loving, sincere womanli-
ness, rather than fruit of Christ's bearing. But He said, "The
works that I do shall ye do also, and greater works than these shall
ye do." He means that we are living our span of life for one thing,
to save men from sin. And how shall we do it?
I know a man who never travels on a steamer or on a train over
night or is thrown with a group of people for any length of time
without telling some one about the power of God to save men from
sin. And he can do it naturally and wholesomely. All of us may
not feel able to do that. Some of us may have to talk through
others, support those who are telling the story. Yet I have a no-
tion that we miss a great blessing in not being a first hand messen-
19 2 1]
A Lenten Message from Our President
ger. Why are we so afraid? Why are we so dull at seeing oppor-
tunities? The eye that is not trained cannot detect the different
varieties of mosses and grasses. The untrained ear fails to note
the different bird songs. The person who is not filled with a desire
to proclaim Christ walks through a throng of possibilities uncon-
scious of them.
I would not disparage the influence for God of a life which by
its acts of charity tells a story of Christ. It is one way, it is a first
way, but I do believe that as we grow we will find other ways.
We will not only do good deeds but we will tell of the love that
has led us to do them. Our charities, our pet philanthropies, are
the outward symbol of something we have within. We love others
because God loves us. We give a cup of cold water as unto the
Lord. And yet we are unable to speak of Him easily by name !
We will discuss the best machinery for the great workshop of
church and charity, the wheels, the boiler tubes, the belts and con-
nections, but never a word of the flame, the glowing fire which is
the heart of it all and without which all this elaborate mechanism is
dead and powerless and cold.
"I am the Vine. Ye are the branches." We can bear the same
fruit that the parent stock has borne. I want to make a plea that
during this Lenten time we may dwell so close to the Vine and be
so constantly thinking of the source of our spiritual life that we
will speak of it as naturally and as sweetly as the secret growing
place of the wild grape will be told us when June comes round
again. As we drive through the country lanes in early June, there
comes on a warm sunlit breeze a gentle, pungent, ethereal per-
fume and we turn to one another and say, "Grapes, the wild grapes
are in bloom and here, some time, there will be fruit." So let us
be saying, as sweetly, as tenderly, and as persistently as that odor
is given forth from the grape, "Love, love, the love of God is here.
Come taste and see that the- Lord is good."
Mrs. Franklin Warner.
Life and Light
Lest We Forget
By William T. Demarest
HE whole wide world is troubled. We hear constantly
1 of contending forces, some of them battling with theo-
ries ; some of them with deadly weapons. The spirit of
discontent is rampant. Class strives against class, each confident
that its ideas and ideals are those from which may emerge a new
and beneficent order. In almost every country on the globe the
advocates of that which is not are seeking the overthrow of that
which is. In some places revolution has been accomplished and
the people are finding that whereas they sought relief from oppres-
sion they have but changed masters ; and the new are proving as
relentless as the old. Truly the times are troubled and to some it
seems as though there were no escape from a disorder that if not
now present, is everywhere imminent.
We are living in a world that is ill. Through causes which need
not here be recited it became inoculated with the spirit of strife a
few years ago, and for many months it was in the grip of one of
the oldest of world diseases. No nation escaped its ravages, no
individual was immune. A world-wide contagion was in posses-
sion. Two years ago we thought the disease was conquered, and
we celebrated Armistice Day with frenzied rejoicings, and some-
times, alas, with revelries that but showed how far the disease
had thrust us back toward the darkness of savagery. But our
rejoicings were premature. The war disease was but temporarily
subdued, for the germs it engendered are still engaged in their
deadly work, changed in some of their symptoms, but dependent
for their existence, as they were six years ago, as they have been
since the world began, upon selfishness, personal and national.
And now we are remembering a season that should remind us
that there is but one sovereign remedy for our sick world ; but one
serum that may be injected into the social system to kill the pestil-
ence which has caused so much death and suffering in the past
six years and which is even now assailing the nations and the
homes of the whole world. Jesus Christ, whose birthday we
have lately celebrated, came to redeem mankind ; to save a sin-
Lest We Forget
ful world. His teachings, His personality, His supreme sacrifice
changed the whole social order. The Gospel which He entrusted
to His disciples is today uplifting the world and saving mankind.
Some so-called Christian lands have fallen again into the sin of
selfishness and a disordered world resulted. But that circumstance
does not change the unalterable fact of the sufficiency of the
Gospel of Christ to transform a warring world.
No man may be saved against his will. No nation may have
righteousness thrust upon it. It is only as individuals accept
Christ's leadership and impress upon their communities and their
nations the unselfish principles which He taught, that He shall
come into the rulership of all men and all nations.
Here then is a thought for this Lenten season. We who profess
to follow the leadership of Christ, and who celebrate His coming,
are responsible to Him and to the world that this unfailing remedy
for national and social ills may be quickly and efficiently made
available. Each of us may well ask himself, "What am I doing
to help proclaim the Gospel in my nation and the world?" Mis-
sions is something more than an abstraction ; more than an acade-
mic presentation of theology to unfamiliar ears. It is the sending
of a vital message of life and hope to the dying. It is the providing
of a positive and unfailing remedy for a sick world. If it is to be
effective, however, it must permeate the social structure, individual,
national and world-wide. We Christians have this remedy in our
keeping. Shall we continue to withhold it as we have in times
past? How then may we celebrate the passion of Christ if we are
unfaithful to His leadership? Each of us has a sphere of influence
in the world, and this sphere extends over a large part of our own
nation and reaches across the Pacific Ocean to the teeming lands of
Asia. Through our gifts to missions, home and foreign, we send
the Gospel of Christ to the ignorant and the needy of our land and
the lands across the seas. We are helping to cure the sick world.
Upon the measure of our co-operation ; upon our personal sacrifice ;
depends the speediness of the cure. Shall we hasten the coming
of that day when Christ shall rule the world ? When war and dis-
content shall have passed away? We are His ministers — His
physicians. — The Mission Field (adapted).
Our Book Shelf
A Moslem Seeker After God: Showing Islam at its Best in
the Life and Teaching of Al-Ghazali, Mystic and Theologian
of the Eleventh Century. By Samuel M. Zwemer, Author
of "The Disintergration of Islam," "Childhood in the Mos-
lem World," etc. Illustrated. 302 pp., including appendices.
Fleming H. Rev ell Company, New^ York.
A popular biography of a mediaeval saint is among publishing
possibilities, but a popular biography of a mediaeval Moslem
mystic is quite possibly beyond them. For it requires as a
stimulus to its perusal a well-developed interest in mysticism,
Moslems or missions, or in all three. Readers who bring this
interest to Dr. Zwemer's "A Moslem Seeker after God" will find
in his portrayal of Al-Ghazali many details of historical, religious
and missionary interest.
The book consists in part of lectures delivered at New Bruns-
wick Theological Seminary and at the College of Missions at
Indianapolis. Materials have been gathered from the "Confes-
sions," the "Revival of the Religious Sciences," the "Alchemy of
Happiness," and other writings of Al-Ghazali, from his Arabic
biographer, from the history of the East, and from present-day
fact and custom in the lands where Al-Ghazali lived.
Apart from the biographical portion of the book, general
readers will appreciate the introductory chapter, treating of con-
ditions in the East in the eleventh century, and the closing chapter,
showing the limited but undoubted acquaintance of Al-Ghazali
with some of the teachings of Christ.
What Anselm was to the Christianity of the West, Al-Ghazali
was to the Mohammedanism of the East. They were contem-
poraries, the one dying but two years before the other. Both
were theologians, both were mystics, both were apologists for the
faith which they believed, both refuted philosophy to establish
faith, both exerted wide influence by their writings.
Al-Ghazali was of Persian birth (1058 A.D.) and died
(1111 A.D.) in the town of his birth and education in Khorasan.
But he lived his life in the great centers of Islam and was in
touch with men and thought from Afghanistan to Spain and from
Our Book Shelf
Kurdistan to South Arabia. His writings reflect this cosmopoH-
Probably he learned to read before he was seven years old. He
mastered the Persian and Arabic languages thoroughly, and
studied all the science and philosophy of his day. During his
student days, he was in search of reputation and wealth through
his learning, rather than of piety, and his studies led him into
scepticism. When thirty-four years old, he already had acquired
fame and was appointed a teacher in the theological school at
Baghdad, the capital of the whole of Eastern Islam. Crowds
attended his lectures. After four years, however, he suddenly
appointed his brother to teach in his place, abandoned all but a
small portion of his property and retired from active life.
His "Confessions," which tell us of his spiritual experiences
from his youth up to his fiftieth year, explain this unexpected
and widely criticised action. He found himself "morally and
essentially a thorough-going sceptic." And he realized that his,
studies were of little value, and profitless as regarded his salvation.
"I probed," he says, "the motives of my teaching and found
that, in place of being sincerely consecrated to God, it was actu-
ated only by a vain desire of honor and reputation. I perceived
that I was on the edge of an abyss, and that without an imme-
diate conversion I should be doomed to eternal fire. ... I
remained torn asunder by the opposite forces of earthly passion
and religious aspiration for about six months. At the close of
these my will yielded and I gave myself up to destiny."
Leaving Baghdad as a pilgrim, Al-Ghazali visited Damascus,
Jerusalem, Hebron, Mecca, Medina, and then Cairo and Alex-
andria, returning through Damascus to Baghdad. Ten years
were spent in these wanderings. During these years he found
the solution of his scepticism in ethical mysticism, and composed
a number of his books, including his most important work, the
"Revival of the Religious Sciences." His writings ^nd influence
gave to mysticism orthodox standing in Islam. He became "the
greatest and certainly the most sympathetic figure in Islam."
When he reappeared at Baghdad, people crowded to hear him.
Life and Light
Notes of his sermons were taken as he spoke, one hundred and
eighty-three being thus reported, and were circulated after having
been read to him for revision.
From Baghdad he withdrew to his native town in Khorasan,
spending there the few remaining years of his life in study and
contemplation. He died at the age of fifty-four. His younger
brother, also a religious teacher, gives the following account of
his death: "One morning at dawn my brother performed the
ablution and prayed. Then he said, 'Bring me my grave-clothes,'
and took them and kissed them and laid them on his eyes and
said, 'I hear and obey to go in to the King.' He stretched out
his feet toward Mecca, and was taken to the good will of God
Consideration of the life of such a man, evidently religious,
unquestionably sincere, possessed of keen insight into certain
types of religious experience, earnest in admonition of his fellows,
lofty in many of his teachings, raises inevitably the question
wherein essentially his life differed from that of a believing Jew
or Christian. Dr. Zwemer suggests certain answers. For readers
with missionary interest, this question will demand settlement.
Its solution is vital to the success of missions to Mohammedans.
J. E. Merrill.
The Riddle of Nearer Asia. By Basil Mathews. George H.
Doran Company, Publishers. Price: $1.25.
Any book is sure of a reading and a welcome that has an
appreciative foreword from Viscount Bryce. He speaks of the
book as opportune on account of the problems raised by the end
of the war and that Mr. Mathews from his wide travel and
keen observation is well fitted to discuss these vital issues.
He emphasizes the fact that the first thing is to get rid of the
irredeemable Turk who has been a curse everywhere. One sig-
nificant remark of Mr. Bryce's is that "the young Turks who
made the massacres were not fanatics, but Prussianized politicians,
some practically atheists, very few really Moslems."
In the prologue the author speaks of being in Tarsus in the
The Cradle Roll and Missions
early spring of 1914. He saw camels swinging along with their
burdens just as caravans of camels have come across that plain
since the dawn of history. And then he says a strange thing
happened. Across the snow-ridge of the Tarsus mountains ten
leagues away there came a black spot in the sky. It was the
first aeroplane that was ever seen in that region and it was a
military aeroplane. It was the dawn of a new day for countries
so long sunk in apathy.
Mr. Mathews has a dramatic way of putting his subject matter
and the titles of some of his chapters indicate this. "The Clash
of Empires," "The Dawn of a New Humanity," "The People of
the Camel," "The Discipline of Israel," suggest very interesting
and remunerative reading. The book is enriched by an index
and a map of southwestern Asia. G. h. c.
The Cradle Roll and Missions
In the past year there have been so much discussion and so
many requests for information regarding the present status of
the Cradle Roll in its relation to missions, that the Junior Depart-
ment is glad to take this opportunity for a frank discussion of the
matter, believing that this article may be of help to leaders of
Cradle Rolls as well as to missionary Lookouts in our churches.
According to the plan of the past, current and in general use
up to within the past two years, the Missionary Cradle Roll has
been a separate organization from the Sunday School Cradle
Roll and quite closely afifiliated with the Women's Missionary
Societies and Boards. Much credit for the development of the
Cradle Roll Department of the church should be given to the
devoted women, through whose efforts the attention of the whole
church was called to the necessity for doing something for even
the littlest ones, and the necessity for beginning religious educa-
tion in all its departments at the earliest possible stage in the
Life and Light
child's development. Due to their efforts in large measure have
been the popularity and great development of the Cradle Roll
movement, for, if they did not themselves originate the plan, at
least they pushed it to the greatest extent of their ability. Accord-
ing to that old plan, children were enrolled from birth as mem-
bers of the Missionary Cradle Roll and continued to belong to it
until they entered the Mission Band at seven or eight, graduating
from the Cradle Roll into the Mission Band. Two things were
required of a Missionary Cradle Roll — the sending of a gift to
the Woman's Board each year and the holding of an annual party,
at which time stories were told of children in other lands or
simple programs to the same purport were presented.
With the past few years, however, the Sunday School Cradle
Roll has grown and multiplied. It has met in many instances the
needs which the Missionary Cradle Roll met before, and it has
gradually extended its age limit to cover the same range of ages,
where in its earlier days it was intended for the tiniest babies
only. Many church workers report that, whereas they feel the
need still of interesting the mothers in babies around the world
as they were able to do through the Missionary Cradle Roll, they
are finding it increasingly difficult to reconcile the two depart-
ments. We need give no argument here for the Sunday School
Cradle Roll. It is a necessary part of every School's develop-
ment, an essential part and one which has justified itself in many
ways in its years of growth. That it is perfectly possible, how-
ever, to maintain that department at its greatest height and intro-
duce into it a valuable and important feature, namely, the Mis-
sionary Department of the Cradle Roll, we are fully convinced.
It has been done and done successfully.
At this point we should, of course, present some of the argu-
ments given to us, by those who have tried it, as to why we should
maintain this connection when the need of organizing Missionary
Cradle Rolls only seems to have passed. The reasons underlying
this connection we believe to be two-fold. First : — That mothers
The Cradle Roll and Missions
need it. "I never in my life so appreciated the blessedness of
my own life as a mother in America or was so fully conscious of
my own blessings as a Christian mother, as I have been since my
little daughter became a member of a Cradle Roll that had a
missionary department," said one mother recently. Few are
they among the mothers of this country today who understand
with any sympathetic, real understanding the problems of mother-
hood in other lands, and the overwhelming sorrows and sufferings
which form the daily life of mothers in India and Africa and
China and the uttermost parts of the earth. Fewer still are
those who realize that they have a real service to render for those
other mothers afar and that in the name of their own little ones,
healthy and safe in Christian America, they may make life bigger
and brighter and safer for little ones in another land. All this they
may do, if in the Sunday School Cradle Roll there is, however
simply arranged, a missionary department or a missionary
feature, call it by whatever name may seem most helpful.
Second : — The children need it. Many have argued that our
littlest people have no point of contact and no means of compre-
hending the life of a child in any other land whose experiences are
so far different from their own. Up to a certain point this is true,
but it has become an established fact that from four or five to
seven years of age the child is acquiring a new world which may
well include, even without any geographical locations, the life of a
little person, under very different conditions, but very interesting
conditions, in whose home and friends the American child may
become truly interested. Not many months ago a mother was
heard to say emphatically, "I do not believe that my child could
l)ossibly understand the life of a Chinese boy or girl, that it would
mean anything at all to him ." And within half an hour this same
mother was telling enthusiastically of the great enjoyment of
her little boy in the story of the "Dutch Twins." If Holland,
why not China or India or the Philippines ? The Junior Secretary
has a keen and distinct memory of a little boy who listened with
great excitement and thrill to the story of a little friend of his
own, as he came to think of him, who "lived a long way over the
Life and Light
water many miles from here in a country we call China," and she
believes firmly that that same little boy could never have quite
the attitude of some of our own church people who do not believe
in foreign missions because they do not understand and, in their
own words, "don't really know much about them." Instead of
being now and then mildly aroused for the queer, outlandirh
heathen of other lands, he will be actively interested in his
"friends overseas." In other words, from him and others like
him, we shall have the missionary church of tomorrow.
Note : A continuation of this article will appear in the next
number of Life and Light, in which we shall discuss methods
and materials for the Missionary Department of the Cradle Roll.
Summary of Receipts, December 1-31, 1920
Mrs. Frank Gaymrd Cook, Treasurer.
Cong'l World Movement
Gifts not credited to Branches
Eastern Maine Branch
Western Maine Branch
New Hampshire Branch
Andover and Wobum Branch
Essex North Branch
Essex South Branch
Franklin County Branch
Hampshire County Branch
Norfolk and Pilgrim Branch
North Middlesex Branch
Old Colony Branch
Worcester County Branch
Rhode Island Branch
Eastern Connecticut Branch
New Haven Branch
New York State Branch
New Jersey Branch
Total for December
Cong'l World Movement
Total from October 18 to December 31,
Cong'l World Movement 8,723.20
The Near East: Crossroads of the World.
The Riddle of Nearer Asia Mathews
The Lure of Africa Patton
Islam: A Challenge to Faith Zwemer
The Nearer and Farther East Zwemer and Brown
Crescent and Iron Cross Benson
Reconstruction in Turkey Hall
Ambassador Morgenthau's Story Morgenthau
The Tragedy of Armenia Papazian
Constantinople: Old and New Dwight
In the Valley of the Nile Watson
Christian Approach to Islam Barton
In the Land of Ararat Barrows
Daybreak in Turkey Barton
Leavening the Levant Greene
An American Physician in Turkey Ussher and Knapp
Arabia : The Cradle of Islam Zwemer
Masoud the Bedouin Carhart
A Muslim Sir Galahad Dwight
Who Follows In Their Train? Holmes
The Knock on the Door Holmes
The Dawn of a New Era in Syria McGilvary
Reminiscences of Daniel Bliss Bliss
Shepard of Aintab Riggs
A Moslem Seeker After God Zwemer
The Influence of Animism on Islam Zwemer
These or others on our list will be sent by mail or express, as desired,
though we are sorry to have to limit the distance to points east of Ohio.
Terms : Books loaned free for two weeks. Postage charged to and from
Boston. A fine of two cents a day on books kept over two weeks. For
catalogue or for books apply to
MISS MARY L. DANIELS
503 Congregational House, Boston, Mass.
Jform of pcquEfit
In making devises and legacies the entire corporate name of the Board should
be used as follows : —
I give and bequeath to the Woman's Board of Missions, incorporated under the
laws of Massachjisetts in the year 1869, the sum of _
Please make all checks payable to the Woman's Board of Missions.
Life and Light for Women
PUBLISHED MONTHLY BV THE WOMAN'S BOARD OP MISSIONS. CONQREQATIONAL
HOUSE. ENTERED AS SECOND CLASS MAIL MATTER AT THE POST OFFICE AT BOSTON,
MASS. ACCEPTANCE FOR MAILING AT SPECIAL RATE OF POSTAGE PROVIDED FOR IN
SECTION 1103. ACT OP OCTOBER 3, 1917. AUTHORIZED ON JULY 3. 1918.
TERMS: Seventy-Five Cents a Year in Advance
SINGLE COPIES, TEN CENTS
Send renmvaU tmd new aabtcriptions to
MISS HELEN S. CONLEY, ROOM 503, 14 BEACON STREET, BOSTON 9, MASS.
Year Book of Missions for 1921
Have you ordered the Annual handbook, with its usual features of
prayer calendar, missionary directory, tables of statistics and up-to-date
summaries of present-day conditions in all the mission fields ? Attract-
ive in color and useful in contents.
Cost — fifteen cents — with a two cent stamp for postage.
Send orders to
Woman's Board of Missions,
503 Congregrational House, Boston
New Graded Material for Church Schools
"Congregational Pilgrims on the Far Frontier," the last in the
" Congregrational Pilgrims " series planned for the Tercentenary years,
1917-1920, issued by the American Board and the Woman's Board.
Price of set, $.50 ; pamphlets sold separately.
For the Primary Department, Picture Stories on the Near East.
For Juniors, eight " Hero Tales " — a picture sheet — suggestions
for posters and other hand- work.
For Intermediates and Seniors, six Ten-Minute Programs — a
picture sheet — Poster Suggestions.
Attractive Investments in China for all grades of the School.
INSURANCE PRESS. INC.. BOSTON. MASS.